Fireproof your house. Here you will find tips about fire alarms, fire alarms, fire extinguishers, evacuation plans and how to fire and fire your house.

Fireproof houses - Reduce the risk of fire

Fireproof houses - Reduce the risk of fire

Brand is one of the biggest dangers of a residential building. It is also something that many homeowners worry about and are facing. When the fire comes loose, it's something that can take life. In addition, a lot of values ​​are wasted, values ​​that can not be replaced. There is much that can be done to reduce the risk of fire - and to stop it if it still occurs. Most efforts are generally good and very cheap, but vital, investments in the form of alarms and extinguishers.

Fire alarms and fire alarms

All houses where people live should be equipped with fire detectors. There should be no more than twelve meters between each fire detector. The more the safer it will be staying in the house. It is a matter of reacting and detecting a fire quickly to prevent it from overtaking. An alarm in the hall and one in the kitchen is the smallest that can be requested. But it is also good to have a fire alarm in each bedroom. Closed doors may otherwise prevent sleeping people from hearing the alarm that goes. There are simple systems where fire detectors "talk" with each other. If one responds, everyone else will warn. This makes it safer for those who sleep or are far into the house or a bit from the fire. A more advanced option is to have a regular fire alarm system, perhaps even connected to a sprinkler system.

Two types of fire detectors

There are optical fire detectors and ionic fire detectors. Both models are usually powered by some kind of batteries. The optical smoke detector is equipped with a photocell. When smoke enters the appliance, the photocell breaks and the alarm goes off. It is a simple and secure methodology. An ionic fire detector responds to the charges contained in the particles floating in the air. Smoke particles charge charges and the electrical current in the fire alarm is reduced. When this happens, the alarm goes.

Pros and cons

No fire detector is completely hundred percent in its design. Where the ionic fire detector is the fastest way to detect fires that emit thick cold smoke, it is even worse to detect fires that give hot smoke - that is, regular and very hot fires. It can also give a false alarm at dust. It does not make the ionic fire detector, which is sensitive to moisture and other conditions that can change the electrical current that is led through the defender.

Which one should choose

To get a perfect protection, it's best to have one of each, but it is not always realistic. Therefore, it can be said that the ionic fire detector should be used when it comes to rooms with highly combustible material. On the other hand, the optic is best in most other rooms, where the risk is high that so-called smoke fires occur. But nobody's good unless the battery is working. Check out periodically, preferably Christmas, when candles and candles are on the agenda.

Fire extinguisher

A fire extinguisher is a cheap, simple and highly functional life insurance. According to the rules, there must be at least sixkilos Class A or Class B extinguishers available in a house. An A fire extinguisher can have water, foam or powder as extinguishing agent and is adapted to the needs of the home. B fire extinguishers are adapted to the slightly higher requirements, and can also extinguish fires in plastic environments. The power should be at least 43 A or 233C. As with fire detectors, it's no use, and even dangerous, to have a non-functioning fire extinguisher in the home. It gives a false security. The extinguisher should be reviewed every month and if it is a fire extinguisher with powder, it needs to be charged at least every 10 years.

Drainage planes and fire extinguishers

If there is an upstairs there must be an opportunity to get out of there if there is a fire. Here, there is a high risk of someone being trapped, as bedrooms are conveniently located upstairs. The usual staircase can be fatal to use, and then it is primarily windows and any balconies that can be evacuated. If the house is high there should be fire ladders that allow it to climb. There are simple and cheap solutions to this and it can save lives. The cost of a life-saving ladder rarely exceeds any thousand-fold. The same applies to firefighters. They nitrogen effectively burn fires, including people who ignite and do not cost a lot of kronor. Just make sure both of these devices are easily accessible when they're really needed.

Gas Guard

Those who have a gas cooker or other gas-powered machines need to think once more of fire safety. Leaking gas can cause huge explosions. To the point that it already choked all that exists in the room before. Gas is toxic and a gas leak can affect both pets and humans even if no fire occurs. A simple gas guards, which for both function and appearance is similar to a fire detector, is a cheap life insurance for the residents of a house where gas stove is present.

Electrical accessories

Electrical products that for some reason fall down are a very common cause of fire. Gaps and torn wires can easily be made with major problems. Therefore, it is good to go through the electrical system, like all cables to machines and sockets, at regular intervals. Timers to the coffee maker and even plates and other machines are also a cheap insurance. There are no machines left unnecessarily.

Other measures

Lightning fires, chimney fires and fan fires are also not uncommon in houses. A lightning conductor or at least one protection guard on incoming lines prevents the effect of lightning from causing damage to the house. Fireplaces need sotas and go through regularly to maintain a safe home environment. Also, go through regular ventilation ducts where filters are included and have a separate supply of flammable liquids, reducing the risk of fire in the house even more. The best fire management is when no fire occurs at all.

More tips can be found on the Fire Protection Association's website.

Video: Fire Testing Insulation Materials|