The classic broom has a beautiful expression and gives a clean and stylish facade. Its structure is almost completely smooth. The slätputsen has been in Swedish architecture since the Middle Ages, and is still a popular facade that fits in many contexts, both in modern and old houses.
As the name suggests, the seagull is a casting form that gives a completely smooth surface. The surface is flattened and felt to be as flat as possible, or a so-called Skåne has been used. It is also common to water the surface after a couple of days to get an extra smooth surface, even though real professional craftsmen can handle this point in most cases. Previously, lime puddles were used, today the classic slurry comes in many different types. Which one fits best depends a lot on how the final result will look, and what basis the putty should be put on. The surface is part of a whole system that will be connected to provide a good protection for the house, against weather and wind.
The smooth pad is laced to the surface and gives the facade a soft impression. The methods used throughout the ages to get the putty smooth and lenient have varied over time. In some cases the pit has been laid in thick layers, in others the punch has been so thin that the underlying wall structure goes through. Even today, different techniques are used to create the expression on the facade as desired - completely clean and flat or with shifts. A flat-welded funcion villa has a slightly different type of flattening than a stone-like slab.
The first example is about a straight and sharp punch, while the older slurry technique allowed unevenness, from the tools used by the bricklayer. Today, a broom is often quite smooth, thanks to more modern basting techniques and all-purpose tools. Building a larger area by machine is not entirely unusual, but smaller areas are usually hand-laid. This is especially true for renovations of older houses, where a more classical style is preferable. Previously, the site was also mixed with local ingredients. It made a big difference in how the pit fired on the façade and gave the pit slightly different properties. This in turn affected how the putty could be put on and how it looked on the facade. Today, the factory is fabricated, which gives a more uniform character on the facades that are smooth.
Slätputs can be the only form of putty on a building. But it's not always the whole house is smooth. Sometimes the façade itself consists of a coarser plaster structure, such as sprinkles, but it has details and features of flushes. It may be about the frames around windows and doors, or some parts on the façade. The combination of different types of pits gives character to the house, as the different pads provide a visible difference in the façade. Putsen can also have a variety of colors, but the classic white put is an eternal favorite.
All puts contain binders and sand, also called ballast. To clean a facade in a classic fashion, use a clean limestone mill. There are also uses that have both lime and cement as a base, so-called KC-use. The lime mill is very well used especially in the southern parts of the country and Gotland. KC use is a more modern form of putty, which solidifies faster than the scale uses. The punch ballast consists of very small grain of sand. Some large grains are generally not tolerated as it is destroyed by the smooth surface. To be called flatballs, the bunch should have a ballast where the grains measure between one to two millimeters. Putsen is applied in very thin layers measuring a few millimeters up to half a centimeter. However, there are examples of smooth-faced facades that have a slightly larger noble punch. This is especially true of older houses.
Slätputsen is common in Sweden and the method of painting has a long and rich history in the country. It is found in old buildings and houses, and in modern buildings. It can be easily laid on stone houses and is also suitable in many other contexts. For example, it is commonly found on recessed facades, that is, paved facades where the frame consists of wood with a wax mat and a reinforcement mesh, after which the facade has a surface layer of plaster.